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 International Journal of Education and Development using ICT > Vol. 7, No. 1 (2011) open journal systems 


The need for ICT- education for managers or agribusinessman to increasing farm income: Study of Factor Influences On Computer Adoption in East Java On-Farm Agribusiness

Sudaryanto, University of Jember, East Java, Indonesia


Abstract
In the present era of globalization ICT plays a vital role to make a produce competitive in global market via all ICT manifestation, such as audio and video, computer and internet technologies. Therefore, ICT subject has to be taught in the tertiary education, including students at agriculture colleges. When graduated students become farmers, they may be become successful managers. The research described in this article has been conducted in East Java. The samples are 178 managers/agribusiness-man. The aim of the research is to investigate what are the factor influences on computer adoption in East Java On-Farm Agribusiness (EJOFA) and what are the implications on sustainable agricultural development. The research had been conducted in EJOFA with the target population are on-farm agribusiness owner managers. Using multi stage sampling method and combination between mail and semi structured interviews, the data had been conducted. The qualitative data on sample characteristics and variable instrumentation had been analyzed using cross tabulation. Three main hypotheses have been tested, namely, H1: business area influence computer adoption, H2: a large company sized influence computer adoption, and H3: gross sales influence computer adoption. To test the hypotheses, logistic regression had been employed. The results of analysis showed that those three hypotheses are accepted. These can be meant as follows: The research produced some research findings; (i). Business area have influenced computer adoption; (ii) The probability on adopting computer for agribusiness has strongest influenced by manager’s ages 41+, education (TAFE and over), and gross sales, (III) The computer mostly has been used for administration purposes. These findings indicate that providing computers and other ICTs for managers or agribusiness-man is important. Considering that most progressive managers or business-man are young graduates tertiary education, there fore, it is suggested the additional subject on ICTs Education is a must. The final main objective is, of course, increasing farm income.


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International Journal of Education and Development using Information and Communication Technology. ISSN: 1814-0556