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 International Journal of Education and Development using ICT > Vol. 1, No. 4 (2005) open journal systems 


The usage of ICT for secondary education in Mongolia

Uyanga Sambuu, National University of Mongolia


Abstract
Mongolia is located in the Northern Asia, bordering with China and Russia (landlocked). Mongolia has a territory of 1,564,116 sq km. The population is 2,791,272 (July 2005 est.), the literacy rate is 97.8% (World Fact book, 2005). Education system consists of pre-school education (kindergarten), general education (primary school 1-5, incomplete secondary school 1-9, complete secondary school 10-11), and professional education (universities). Pre-school and general education is free to all by law. In 2004-2005 academic years, 557346 students were reported to be studying at 710 general education schools nationwide. Information and Communication Technology (ICT) were introduced to Mongolian education sector relatively late. The computer training and informatics as a subject has been included in the secondary school curriculum in Mongolia since 1988 and in the university curriculum since 1982. The paper presents current situation of ICT use in secondary education in Mongolia, including national policies, strategies and programs, hardware and software, teaching staffs, informatics curriculum and related projects and initiatives. SWOT analysis and conclusions are also presented.


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International Journal of Education and Development using Information and Communication Technology. ISSN: 1814-0556