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 International Journal of Education and Development using ICT > Vol. 12, No. 1 (2016) open journal systems 

Developing technology needs assessments for educational programs: An analysis of eight key indicators

Erin N O'Reilly, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, USA

As access to information and communication technology grows, educators have increasing opportunities to experiment with and to adapt both hardware and software to their current practice. Technology's integration, however, can vary widely between teachers within the same program for numerous reasons. Understanding the challenges practitioners face with technology integration is a critical first step to successful adoption and sustained use. This paper looked at eight indicators commonly found in technology needs assessment survey tools. Indicators included: self-assessed skill level, technology use and integration, teacher beliefs, barriers to access, professional development resources, leadership, needs and wants, and demographics. These core indicators were used to create a technology needs assessment survey for pre- and in-service language teachers within a US higher education setting, but the indicators are both relevant and applicable to a wide range of educational programs and teacher backgrounds. Recommendations are made for adapting the indicators and the specific survey items depending on context.

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International Journal of Education and Development using Information and Communication Technology. ISSN: 1814-0556