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 International Journal of Education and Development using ICT > Vol. 13, No. 3 (2017) open journal systems 


Examining the antecedents of ICT adoption in education using an Extended Technology Acceptance Model (TAM)

Viraiyan Teeroovengadum, University of Mauritius
Nabeel Heeraman, University of Mauritius
Bhavish Jugurnath, University of Mauritius


Abstract
This study assesses the determinants of ICT adoption by educators in the teaching and learning process in the context of a developing country, Mauritius. A hierarchical regression analysis is used, to firstly determine the incremental effects of factors from the technology acceptance model (TAM) while controlling for demographic variables such as gender, age group and qualification level and secondly, to find out the additional effects of other determinants of ICT adoption in education identified in the literature and an exploratory phase. The results suggest that demographic variables such as level of qualification do matter to some extent but are rendered insignificant when the two TAM factors, perceived usefulness (PU) and perceived ease of use (PEOU) are added to the model. Moreover, PU and PEOU substantially improved the model and were both found to have a significant positive direct effect on ICT adoption. Finally, two supplementary variables were found to positively and significantly affect the level of ICT adoption in the teaching and learning process in secondary schools, namely, “top management and peer support” and “competencies in using specialized ICT tools”. The results provide a better understanding of the applicability of the TAM model to the Mauritian secondary education context and also enhance the understanding of other important variables in determining ICT adoption by teachers. A number of practical recommendations are also made based on the research findings.


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International Journal of Education and Development using Information and Communication Technology. ISSN: 1814-0556